Usman (ra)(Uthman ibn Affan) the third caliph of Islam, was always devoted to human welfare and social development. He played a leading role in the difficult times and hardships of the Muslims.
Praising his public welfare work and spending money in the way of religion, the Prophet (peace be upon him) gave the good news of the purchase of Paradise. The Companion Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) received the good news of the purchase of Paradise twice from ‘Usman (ra) (may Allah be pleased with him) on the day of the purchase of the Ruma well and on the day of the army’s preparation. This rich and generous person has donated a lot of wealth and waqf for the welfare of the people during his lifetime. People are still benefiting from his donations and waqf resources. Here are some examples of Usman (ra) spending on human welfare and the two worlds.
Usman (ra) Purchase of land for expansion of ‘Masjid-e-Nabawi’
After the Hijrah, the Prophet (peace be upon him) first built the Masjid-i-Nawabi on a small scale to perform the prayers. At that time the number of worshipers was less. The number of Muslims is increasing day by day as the attraction of people towards Islam is increasing. As a result, there was no space for the worshipers in the mosque. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) wanted one of his wealthy Companions to buy the land next door and donate it to the mosque. With this in mind, one day the Prophet encouraged everyone and said, ‘Who will buy this place with his own earned wealth? He will be like other Muslims in this world, but there will be something better for him in Paradise. Then ‘Usman (ra) bought the place with his own money and donated it for the expansion of Masjid-i-Nawabi. (Musnad Ahmad, Hadith: 555)
Historical role in water crisis alleviation
After the migration to Medina, the Muslims there faced a severe shortage of pure drinking water. At that time there was a large Jewish well in Medina called ‘Bireruma’ or Ruma Well. He took advantage of the crisis to sell water to Muslims at exorbitant prices. Upon learning of this, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) declared in front of everyone present, ‘Is there anyone among you who will buy this well and make it waqf for the Muslims? And whoever does that, Allah will give him a fountain in Paradise. Upon hearing the announcement, ‘Uthman offered to sell the well to the Jews. But the Jews refused to sell it. Seeing no way out, ‘Uthman offered to sell half of the well. And it is in this way that one day the Jew will take water from the well, the next day he. The Jews agreed. Usman (ra) started distributing water free of cost after buying the well. The people used to collect water on the day appointed by ‘Uthman and keep it in sufficient quantity for the next day. When there was a crisis in the Jewish water business, the Jews sold the whole well. Usman (ra) acquired the ownership of the whole well for 35,000 dirhams and the Muslims started taking water from it for free. Later, ‘Uthman waqfed the well for public drinking. (Siyaru Alamin-Nubala: 2/452)
Huge financial support in the Battle of Tabuk
Usman (ra) was one of the most cooperative in the battle of Tabuk. He assisted the Muslims in difficult times with more camels, horses and thousands of gold coins in preparation for the battle of Tabuk. Seeing this image of charity in his generous heart, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) gave the good news and said, ‘O ‘Uthmaan! In return for your sincere gift, Allah has forgiven all your private and public sins. And the reward of this gift of yours will remain till the Day of Resurrection. (Fazail Sahaba, Hadith: 637)
According to another narration, when the Prophet (peace be upon him) was preparing for the battle of Tabuk, ‘Uthman (peace be upon him) poured a thousand dinars into the lap of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Abdur Rahman (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) turn them over in his lap and say, ‘Whatever Uthman does from now on, he will not be harmed.’ He said the word twice. (Tirmidhi, Hadith: 3601)
Food aid in extreme famine
During the time of Abu Bakr (ra) there was a drought in Madinah and there was no crop production. When the people then brought the matter to Abu Bakr (ra), he consoled them and said, ‘At this moment we have nothing to do but Allah’s help. So each of you should seek God’s help from your own position. ’
The narrator said we were waiting for some time after his words. Meanwhile, Uthman’s traders in Syria arrived in Medina with 100 camels loaded with food or wheat. Seeing this, the merchants of Medina came to ‘Uthman (ra) and told him of their misery, saying, “Sell us your stored food, so that we may be able to make ends meet.” Uthman (ra) said, ‘This is a very good thing! Well, how much profit will you give me in this business? ’They said,‘ If you buy for 10 dirhams, we will give you two dirhams. Uthman (ra) said, ‘No, we have to pay more. Then they said, “Well, I’ll give you five dirhams.” He said that it is not possible for us to give more profit than this. He then told them, ‘Listen! The bargain I have made with you for so long is just a joke. As much food as there is here, I gave all the charity among the starving people of Medina. (Usman bin Affan Jinnurain, Mohammad Reza, page 36)
Nabiji’s special prayer to remove the crisis
Uqbah bin Amer (RA) said that in one of the battles of the Prophet, the Muslims fell into a deep crisis. Even their faces showed signs of depression. And the hypocrites are very happy to see it. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) saw this situation and said, ‘By Allah! As long as Muslims do not have food, there will be no sunset. And in this battle the giant was Usman (ra). After hearing this announcement of the Prophet, ‘Usman (ra) bought 14 camels loaded with food and sent nine camels to the Prophet. Because he believed in his heart that what Allah and His Messenger said must be true. The Prophet and his companions were very happy to see these. The narrator said that at that time the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was praying for ‘Usman (ra) in such a way that I had never heard him say such a prayer for anyone before or after. He was praying, ‘O Allah! Give to ‘Usman (ra) and be kind to’ Usman (ra). (Al-Mujamul Awsat, Hadith: 6255)